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定语从句如何确定主语

定语从句修饰主语时放在主语的后面,修饰宾语时则放在宾语的后面.一个简单句跟在一名词或代词后(先行词)进行修饰限定,这个句子就叫做定语从句.在主句中充当定语成分.被修饰的词叫先行词.定语从句不同于单词作定语的情况,

通俗地说 如果定语从句有主语 引导词就做宾语 如果定语从句无主语 引导词就做主语例如 (1) A prosperity which / that had never been seen before appears in the countryside.农村出现了前所未有的繁荣.(which / that在从句中作主语) (2) The package (which / that) you are carrying is about to come unwrapped.你拿那个包裹快要散开了.(which / that在从句中作宾语)

1.试着把句子翻译一下就可以了2.看从句的引导词(which、where等)之前它所修饰的那个词3.看整个从句修饰的是哪个名词

引导词多为代词,如果句子前面有主语和谓语则该引导词为宾语,没有则是主语.

例如:He is the man who we all respect . who后面有we名词作主语.因此先行词the man是宾语. There is somebody who wants to see you.who后面谓语want前面没有名词做主语.因此somebody作主语.

主语用的是主格,宾语是宾格,比如I和me,he和him 同时主格在谓语前面,宾语基本在谓语后面

定语从句(Attributive Clauses)在句中做定语,修饰一个名词或代词,被修饰的名词,词组或代词即先行词(Antecedent).定语从句通常出现在先行词之后,由关系词(关系代词或关系副词)引出.主语你就看谁是动作的执行者,就是谁做的,做的那个人!

主要看从句所缺少的成分.因为关系代词就是代替所缺成分的.比如1.this is the place which we visited.这里的which在它所引导的定语从句中作宾语.句子由主谓宾构成,把从句恢复成完整的句子就是we visited the place.因为从句we visited缺少宾语,所以由which充当.2.he bought a coat that/which cost little.这里的that/which在定语从句中作主语.从句that cost little修饰先行词coat.从句还原成完整句子就是a coat cost little.

先举个例子“我爱你”.在这里、”我“就是主语,即动作的发出者;”你“就是宾语,即动作的承受者.而”爱“就是谓语动词.要判断关系词在定从中做什么语,我有一个简单的办法:你把引导定从的关系词放在那个定从中,看它做什么语

A prosperity which / that had never been seen before appears in the countryside这个句子中, which / that 修饰prosperity,所以为主语The package (which / that) you are carrying is about to come unwrapped这个句子中,you为主语,The package 为动作的对象,为宾语,which / that修饰的是The package ,所以是宾语.你就找出修饰词在句子中的位置就好

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